Imports and modules

For a simple hello world program in D, imports are needed. The import statement makes all public functions and types from the given module available.

The standard library, called Phobos, is located under the package std and its modules are referenced through import std.MODULE.

The import statement can also be used to selectively import certain symbols of a module:

import std.stdio : writeln, writefln;

Selective imports can be used to improve readability by making it obvious where a symbol comes from, and also as a way to prevent clashing of symbols with the same name from different modules.

An import statement does not need to appear at the top of a source file. It can also be used locally within functions or any other scope.

Imports match directories and files

D's module system - in contrast to other systems - is entirely based on files. For example, my.cat always refers to a file cat.d in the folder my/. The folder my needs to be in the current working directory or in one of the explicitly specified directory imports (-I). Lastly, to ease splitting big modules up into multiple smaller files, instead of cat.d, a folder cat/ could be used as well. The D compiler would then try to load my/cat/package.d instead of my/cat.d.

The convention (but not a hard rule) for package.d files is to publicly import all other modules in the same folder.

rdmd playground.d